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The World Wide Web contains an enormous wealth of information about sentencing policy, law and practice, as well as information about private and public institutions actively engaged in sentencing reform. The New Jersey Commission to Review Criminal Sentencing is committed to bringing information on sentencing to the public, researchers, policy makers and practitioners from a range of viewpoints.  Please be advised that the posting of a particular link does not reflect an endorsement of the views or representations contained therein by the Commission.

Data & Statistical Info Data & Statistical Information

Legal Resources Legal Resources

Additional Resources Additional Resources

Data & Statistical Information

Resource / Description
Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center
The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), through its Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center (FJSRC), compiles comprehensive information describing suspects and defendants processed in the Federal criminal justice system. The goal of FJSRC is to provide uniform case processing statistics across all stages of the Federal criminal justice system. Using data obtained from Federal agencies, FJSRC compiles comprehensive information that describes person-cases processed through the system. FJSRC applies uniform definitions to commonly used statistics describing data from each stage of case processing. The data definitions used by the FJSRC are consistent with definitions used by other BJS programs that report on case processing in state courts so that comparisons may be made between case processing statistics between the Federal and state systems.
Justice Research and Statistics Association
The Justice Research and Statistics Association is a national nonprofit organization of state Statistical Analysis Center (SAC) directors, researchers, and practitioners throughout government, academia, and criminal justice organizations. JRSA provides: 1) access to the InfoBase of State Activities and Research (ISAR), a clearinghouse of current information on state criminal justice research, programs, and publications; 2) training in the latest computer technologies for records management, data analysis, Internet, forecasting, and 3) other cutting-edge topics, and reports on the latest research being conducted by Federal and State agencies.
Bureau of Justice Statistics
Government.  This data is critical to Federal, State, and local policymakers in combating crime and ensuring that justice is both efficient and evenhanded.
New Jersey Department of Corrections
Compiled statistical reports on offender data can be accessed at this site. Specifically, the New Jersey Department of Corrections maintains statistics on the following: total residents in N.J. State Correctional Institutions, Offenders by Base Offense, Offenders by Total Term at Admission, Offenders by Mandatory Minimum Term, Offenders by Age Group, Offenders by Race/Ethnic Identification, and Offenders by County of Commitment.
Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports
The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program was conceived in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police to meet a need for reliable, uniform crime statistics for the nation. In 1930, the FBI was tasked with collecting, publishing, and archiving those statistics. Today, several annual statistical publications, such as the comprehensive Crime in the United States, are produced from data provided by nearly 17,000 law enforcement agencies across the United States.
New Jersey State Police Crime Reports and Statistics
This page of the New Jersey State Police web site provides an archive of Uniform Crime Reports as well as statistics on carjacking, fatal accidents, and crime index trends.
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
Compendium of Violence-Related Statistics for New Jersey

This report is designed to bring together multiple sources of data regarding the occurrence of violence in New Jersey. Data sources included in this report are: New Jersey State Police Uniform Crime Report; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Compressed Mortality File; Federal Bureau of Investigation, Supplementary Homicide Reports; New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Bureau of Vital Statistics Reports; New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Hospital Discharge Data (UB-92); and New Jersey Department of Human Services, Division of Youth and Family Services (DYFS) reports on child abuse and neglect in New Jersey. By employing both arrest data and public health data, the compendium is intended to provide the reader with a comprehensive source of information on the occurrence of violence in New Jersey.
National Criminal Justice Reference Service
The National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) is one of the most extensive sources of information on criminal justice and juvenile justice in the world, providing services to an international community of policymakers and professionals.  NCJRS is a collection of clearinghouses supporting all bureaus of the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs.
Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics Online
The Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics brings together data from more than 100 sources about many aspects of criminal justice in the United States. These data are displayed in over 600 tables. Currently this site presents Sourcebook 2002, the 30th edition.

Legal Resources

Resource / Description
CCJA: Criminal Law Bibliography
Compilation of publications, recent articles, blogs, and resources related to criminal law and criminal procedure.

Duke University Law School: Supreme Court Online
The mission of this site is to provide easy access to the opinions of the United States Supreme Court, with an emphasis on serving the general public and facilitating the classroom use of recent decisions. We provide plain-English summaries of pending cases, links to full-text opinions, and edited versions of opinions, specifically intended for use in the non-legal classroom. The site also provides timely commentary on recent decisions of the Court and links to other online Supreme Court resources.

Provides a broad array of legal information, including cases, statutes, and legal news.
Jurist Legal News & Research
Jurist is a Web-based legal news and real-time legal search service powered by a mostly volunteer team of 30
student reporters, editors and Web developers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Jurist is produced as a public service for the continuing legal education of its readers and law student staffers, and uses the latest Internet technology to track legal news stories and materials.
New Jersey Law Network – Criminal Law
This Web page provides a wide range of information about criminal practice and policy in New Jersey and other  jurisdictions.
Oral Argument Sentencing Guidelines
New Jersey Administrative Office of the Courts
Comprehensive overview of statutes and caselaw governing sentencing practice in New Jersey.
A comprehensive on-line digest of American criminal law, the Penal Law Web is part of a comprehensive program to reform American penal law teaching, scholarship, and practice. Three-level analysis of criminal liability with links to codes, cases, and commentary – with emphasis on the Model Penal Code and New York Penal Law and comparative analysis of modes of culpability, under the Model Penal Code, Anglo-American common law, and civil law. Materials exploring the constitutional constraints on substantive, rather than procedural, criminal law – with an emphasis on, but not limited to, federal constitutional law and U.S. Supreme Court jurisprudence. Systematic selection of codes, cases, and commentary covering the general and special part of American criminal law – with emphasis on the Model Penal Code, New York Penal Law, and U.S. Code.
Reported Decisions of the Supreme Court of New Jersey and Appellate Division
Listed on this page are opinions issued within a one-week period by the Supreme Court of New Jersey and the Appellate Division, Superior Court.  Opinions are posted in Adobe.pdf format and require the download of the Adobe reader.
Rutgers Law School – Camden: Opinions of the New Jersey Courts
This site provides a full-text archive of the Opinions of the New Jersey Courts, including the Supreme Court, from March 1994 to date, the Appellate Division, Superior Court and the Tax Court from September, 1995 to date.
United States Supreme Court
The U.S. Supreme Court’s Web site provides information about the court, upcoming oral arguments, and recently issued decisions.
Web of Justice: Criminal Justice Internet Exploration Guide
The Department of Justice Coordination is a policy and planning office under the Pinellas County Board of County Commissioners. The Department provides information and services to the County’s administrative offices as well as the county’s criminal justice agencies. In an effort to assist individuals and agencies researching criminal justice issues, the Department of Justice Coordination has compiled a list of some pertinent criminal justice sites that have a presence on the Internet. The information gathered through this research is meant to expedite the process of locating criminal justice information on the Internet.

Additional Resources

Resource / Description
Prevention Works
A blog by the National Crime Prevention Counsel
Sex Crimes
A blog devoted to the criminal laws regulating and punishing sex offenders
Corrections Sentencing Blog
New, outstanding, and often very (intentionally) funny blog focusing specifically on evidence-based approaches to sentencing and corrections policy. Great compliment to Professor Berman's superlative blog, Sentencing Law and Policy.
Crime and Consequences
Commentary on contemporary criminal justice issues from a conservative perpsective.
CrimProf Blog
A fascinating blog maintained by and for law professors and academics interested in criminal justice issues.
Grits For Breakfast
Blog on the political, economic and social consequences of crime, punishment and justice in the Lone Star State, from police searches at traffic stops to the county jail, the courts, the prison system, community supervision, and everything they influence. Welcome to Texas justice: You might beat the rap, but you won't beat the ride.
Michigan State Library Criminal Justice Resources: Sentencing
Numerous studies and reports about sentencing policy and law are posted on this Web site.
National Association of Sentencing Advocates
The National Association of Sentencing Advocates (NASA) is a membership organization dedicated to the promotion of fair, humane, and equitable sentencing and confinement decisions for all people in America. The Association is designed to advance the field of sentencing advocacy by fostering the professional development of its members and upholding the ethical standards of practice of the organization.
National Center for State Courts (NCSC)
The mission of NCSC is to improve the administration of justice through leadership and service to state courts, and courts around the world. Through original research, consulting services, publications, and national educational programs, NCSC offers solutions that enhance court operations with the latest technology; collects and interprets the latest data on court operations nationwide; and provides information on proven "best practices" for improving court operations. NCSC disseminates information to state court leaders on key national policy issues, and helps advocate their policies with Congress as well as supporting several prestigious national organization.
National Institute of Corrections
NIC provides training, technical assistance, information services, and policy/program development assistance to federal, state, and local corrections agencies. Services are designed to help corrections professionals meet the challenges of today’s corrections environment.
RAND Corporation: Substance Abuse Research Area
RAND’s long and diverse history of research on substance abuse includes working with community leaders and public officials to develop more effective solutions. Featured findings include "‘Low-Level’ Drug Offenders Often Had Serious Criminal History" and "Strategies in ‘War on Drugs’ Need to Be Reassessed". Featured projects include the need to help communities identify and develop effective drug policies.
Great blog about the United States Supreme Court.
Social Science Research Network: Corrections and Sentencing Law and Policy Abstracts
Corrections and Sentencing Law and Policy Abstracts provides a forum for works-in-progress, abstracts, and completed articles dealing with the broad range of doctrinal, theoretical, and policy issues relating to the punishment, sentencing, and re-entry of convicted criminal offenders. Topics include (but are not limited to) prison and jail conditions and life; prisoners' rights; probation, parole, and re-entry; prison and jail administration; imprisonment and diversionary sentencing, and the death penalty.
Stateline.Org: Crime and Courts
Funded entirely by The Pew Charitable Trusts as a public service, this Web site was originally envisioned primarily as a resource for newsmen and newswomen who cover state government. Using computer technology as a delivery vehicle, this site currently provides news-gatherers with timely tips and research material on state policy innovations and trends, enabling them to make their reporting more informative and useful to consumers.
Sentencing Law and Policy
This web log maintained by Professor Douglas Berman of the Moritz School of Law at Ohio State University provides voluminous and continually updated information about a multitude of sentencing issues with a particular focus on the ongoing fallout from the United States Supreme Court’s decision in Blakley v. Washington.  Highly recommended.
Liberal coverage of criminal justice issues.
The Brookings Institute: Social Policy
The Brookings Institute has gathered several articles related to various facets of social policy and crime and law enforcement.
The Constitution Project Sentencing Initiative
The Constitution Project’s new sentencing initiative was established in response to the Supreme Court’s recent decision in Blakely v. Washington, which calls into question the constitutionality of the sentencing systems of many states and the federal government. To the surprise of many practitioners and scholars, the Court held that juries, not judges, must find beyond a reasonable doubt any facts used to enhance a sentence beyond the penalty authorized by the offense of conviction. Numerous federal district court judges have already struck down the federal sentencing guidelines based on Blakely. The Initiative is assembling an emergency working group of current and former prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges, academics, and others with a vital interest in the criminal justice system. This group will develop principles for establishing post-Blakely sentencing systems that protect public safety and respect the constitutional rights of defendants.
The JFA Institute
The JFA Institute presents a multi-disciplinary research center whose mission is to conduct theoretical and applied research on the causes of crime and the justice system's responses to crime and offenders.  The JFA Institute receives funding from federal, state, and local governmental agencies, as well as from foundations interested in developing and evaluating innovative crime prevention, law enforcement, sentencing and correctional policies and programs designed to reduce crime and to improve the quality of the adult and juvenile justice systems. The JFA Institute disseminates its studies and policy recommendations through research reports, criminal justice and criminology periodicals, books, and seminars.
The Sentencing Project
The Sentencing Project is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization which promotes reduced reliance on incarceration and increased use of more effective and humane alternatives to deal with crime. It is a nationally recognized source of criminal justice policy analysis, data, and program information. Its reports, publications, and staff are relied upon by the public, policymakers and the media.
The Jerry Lee Center of Criminology at the University of Pennsylvania
The mission of the Jerry Lee Center of Criminology at the University of Pennsylvania is to produce major discoveries about the causes and prevention of crime, showing how to make a safer and more democratic world.
The National Institute of Justice
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is the research, development, and evaluation agency of the U.S. Department of Justice and is dedicated to researching crime control and justice issues. NIJ provides objective, independent, evidence-based knowledge and tools to meet the challenges of crime and justice, particularly at the State and local levels. NIJ's principal authorities are derived from the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 and Title II of the Homeland Security Act of 2002.
The Vera Institute of Justice
Vera Institute: State Sentencing and Corrections Program
The Vera Institute of Justice works closely with leaders in government and civil society to improve the services people rely on for safety and justice. Vera’s State Sentencing and Corrections Program (SSC) works with decision-makers from both political parties and all three branches of state government, helping them pursue systemic reforms that conserve resources while promoting public safety. SSC relies on its associates, a cadre of judges, legislators, corrections officials, and other professionals who have been involved in changing systems in their own jurisdictions. Since Vera launched SSC four years ago, the program has worked with 18 states—creating sentencing guidelines, expanding community corrections, and revamping drug policy, among other reforms.
UCIrvine Center For Evidence-Based Corrections
The Center taps the research power of the University of California to evaluate juvenile and adult prison programs - including rehabilitation, parole and reentry programs - and provide information that helps corrections officials make policy decisions based on scientific evidence. The Center’s mission is threefold: 1) to identify promising programs and evidence-based practices from the scientific criminological literature; 2)To initiate and execute original research that addresses criminal justice policy questions relevant to California; and 3) to assist The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation agencies to implement and evaluate these practices. Evidence-based policy is an approach that helps people make well-informed decisions about policies and programs by putting the best available evidence from research at the heart of policy development and implementation. This approach stands in contrast to opinion-based policy, which relies heavily on either the selective use of evidence (e.g., on single studies irrespective of quality) or on the untested views of individuals or groups, often inspired by ideological views and speculative conjecture. The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation is committed to a new approach to policy decisionmaking, whereby speculation and opinion-based policy is replaced by a more rigorous approach that gathers, critically appraises and utilizes high quality research evidence to inform policy and practice.
United States Sentencing Commission
The United States Sentencing Commission is an independent agency in the judicial branch of government.  Its principal purposes are: (1) to establish sentencing policies and practices for the federal courts, including guidelines prescribing the appropriate form and severity of punishment for offenders convicted of federal crimes; (2)  to advise and assist Congress and the executive branch in the development of effective and efficient crime policy; and (3) to collect, analyze, research, and distribute a broad array of information on federal crime and sentencing issues, serving as an information resource for Congress, the executive branch, the courts, criminal justice practitioners, the academic community, and the public.
Urban Institute
The Urban Institute is a nonpartisan, economic and social policy research organization. Specifically, the Urban Institute measures effects, compares options, shows which stakeholders get the most and least, tests conventional wisdom, reveals trends, and makes costs, benefits, and risks explicit.  The Justice Policy Center (JPC) of the Urban Institute carries out nonpartisan research to inform the national dialogue on crime, justice, and community safety.  JPC researchers collaborate with practitioners, public officials, and community groups to make the Center's research useful not only to decision makers and agencies in the justice system but also to the neighborhoods and communities harmed by crime and disorder. In recent years, researchers affiliated with the Justice Policy Center have investigated a wide range of social problems and policy issues related to crime and justice.
Web of Justice: Analysis and Research of Drug Courts
Collection of hyperlinks related to drug courts and criminal justice.

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